HIV has long been stereotyped as an incredibly deadly virus, but you may be surprised at the high numbers of people in the United States who are living with HIV. Using 2018 data from AIDSVu, the SmartAdvocate team mapped out the proportion of people living with HIV by state as well as the 50 U.S. counties where the highest proportions of people living with HIV were found.
What is the state with the highest HIV rate? New York was found to have the highest proportion of people living with HIV, mainly due to the high numbers found in the counties in and around New York City. However, Borden County, Texas, was found to have the highest HIV rate in the U.S., with more than 3% of the county’s population living with the virus.
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Where Are the Most People Living With HIV in the U.S.?
New York state was found to have the highest HIV rate in the U.S., with 765 people living with HIV for every 100,000 people in the state. New York’s HIV rate was 17% higher than that of Maryland, which came in second with 653 people living with HIV for every 100,000 residents.
The 10 States With the Highest Proportions of People Living With HIV
- New York: 765 per 100,000 people
- Maryland: 653 per 100,000 people
- Georgia: 625 per 100,000 people
- Florida: 607 per 100,000 people
- Louisiana: 541 per 100,000 people
- New Jersey: 464 per 100,000 people
- South Carolina: 406 per 100,000 people
- Delaware: 404 per 100,000 people
- Nevada: 403 per 100,000 people
- California: 396 per 100,000 people
The infographic also takes a deeper look at where the highest rate of HIV in the United States can be found by including a list of the 50 counties in the country with the largest proportions of people living with HIV. Borden County, Texas, topped the list with 3,051 people living with HIV for every 100,000 residents. Four other counties in Texas made the top 50 list as well: Walker, Dallas, and Frio counties.
Florida had the most representation on the list, with nine counties from the state finding themselves in the top 50. Two-thirds of the counties had well more than 1,000 people living with HIV for every 100,000 residents. Union County, the least healthy county in the entire country, ranked high for its number of people living with HIV as well, with 2,226 per 100,000 residents.
Where Are the Least Amount of People Living With HIV in the U.S.?
The western states of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota, and South Dakota (also known as the Great American West) seem to be the ones with the lowest proportions of people living with HIV in the United States. North Dakota had the lowest numbers of any state, at 71 people with HIV per 100,000 residents, but Montana and Wyoming were close behind, with 72 and 73 respectively. Idaho had 82 people with HIV for every 100,000 residents, and South Dakota’s number was 85. With all five of these states coming in at less than 100, they were also the only states in the U.S. with HIV rates lower than 0.1%.